Institutional roundtable by the Tokyo University of Foreign Studies and the Institute of Developing Economies – Japan External Trade Organization (IDE-JETRO)
at Africa-Asia, A New Axis of Knowledge – Second Edition
20– 22 September, 2018
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Convenor and Chair
Shinichi Takeuchi, Director, African Studies Center – Tokyo University of Foreign Studies (ASC-TUFS)
The resource has a close but ambiguous linkage with the development. Although development obviously needs resources, either physical or human, their abundance is never a sufficient condition for development. The term “resource curse” indicates a paradoxical relationship between the two. One of reasons for this complex relation can be attributed to the roles of political power. In fact, political power is inseparable from resources. It constantly intervenes in resource management for its own benefit, since resources can make power. On the other hand, political power can make resources through enhancement of new technologies and implementation of new policies. In sum, clarifying the complex relations between political power and resource management is critical for exploring sustainable development strategies. Both Asia and Africa are regions where resources have played significant roles for development. Not only have the regions been abundant in resources, wherein political powers have attempted the interventions, but the politics of resource management in these regions has also been salient in the national as well as global context.
In this roundtable, participants present several cases indicating various relations between political power and resource management, compare their similarities and differences among them, and explore new ideas about this topic.
This roundtable is derived from the panel titled “Resource Management and Political Power in Rural Africa”, which focuses exclusively on cases in rural Africa. In this roundtable, we aim to broaden the focus in terms of regions and topics for the purpose of enhancing new encounters. Participants, coming from both Asian and African countries, examine various types of relationships between resource management and political power. We understand the concept of a “resource” in a broad sense, so as to include not only natural resources, but also products made by human beings such as agricultural products as well as social constructs like a “traditional” culture. Shedding light on the complex interactions between political power and resource management, this roundtable will play the role of a catalyst for designing new research projects as well as building networks among related researchers. We believe that these activities will contribute to better policy making, and finally to the sustainable development in Asia and Africa.
Denis Sonwa, CIFOR (Center for International Forestry Research), Cameroon
Chizuko Sato, IDE-JETRO, Japan
Akiyo Aminaka, IDE-JETRO, Japan
Gloriose Umuziranenge, PIASS, Rwanda
Kae Amo, EHESS, France
Lalita H. Hanwong, Kasetsart University, Thailand
Horman Chitonge, University of Cape Town, South Africa
Laban Kithinji Kinyua, Sophia University, Japan
Kojo Opoku Aidoo, University of Ghana, Ghana
Mohomodou Houssouba, Univesity of Basel, Switzerland
Aarti Kawlra, International Institute for Asian Studies, the Netherlands
Humanities across Borders would like to extend their gratitude towards the Tokyo University of Foreign Studies for the sponsorship provided to three of our scholars to attend the conference at Dar es Salaam this year.